What are Fibroids?

Fibroids of the uterus are benign (non-cancerous) growths within the wall of the uterus. A woman may have a single fibroid or multiple fibroids and they may be located anywhere in the uterus (exterior or interior or within the wall). They are usually associated with a heavy menstrual flow, severe cramping, pelvic pressure, fertility, and pregnancy-related issues.

How Do Fibroids Affect Fertility?

The implications of the uterine fibroids on fertility are uncertain. The exact mechanism of fibroids causing infertility is less clear but it is thought that it may prevent embryo implantation by distorting the uterine cavity.

What Are Polyps?

Uterine polyps are growths attached to the inner wall of the uterus and protruding into the uterine cavity. Overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) leads to the formation of uterine polyps. The sizes of uterine polyps range from a few millimeters — no larger than a sesame seed — to several centimeters — golf ball sized or larger.

They are attached to the uterine wall by a large base or a thin stalk. You can have one or many uterine polyps. They usually stay contained within your uterus, but occasionally, they may slip down through the opening of the uterus into your vagina.

How Do Polyps Affect Fertility?

Uterine polyps may disrupt the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). They may even reduce blood flow in parts of the endometrial lining. This disruption could possibly prevent a fertilized embryo from implanting in the endometrial lining.

The polyps could also cause a miscarriage after the embryo has implanted. There is evidence to show that removing uterine polyps does boost fertility in previously infertile women.

Causes of Uterine Fibroids

Several risk factors cause the growth of uterine fibroids. These are:



Early start of menstruation

Family history of fibroids

Begin menopause at a late age

Symptoms of Fibroids

The most common symptoms of fibroids are:

prolonged periods


heavy or painful periods

anemia due to heavy or prolonged bleeding

reproductive issues, such as infertility, miscarriage, and preterm labor


feeling a mild abdominal pressure

frequent urination

painful sex

low back pain

Diagnosing Fibroids

The doctor will perform a pelvic exam to check for benign fibroids.

An ultrasound test will confirm that the growths are fibroids

Treatment for Uterine Infertility

Fertility Evaluation Test

Based on one’s individual experience with uterine fibroids and its severity, the doctor will prescribe that the couple undergo a fertility evaluation test.

Surgery Options

Treatment options for this condition include different kinds of surgery, such as myomectomy, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, and laparotomy.

Other Options

Other treatment options that reduce the size of fibroids include electrical energy, ultrasound, medication, and embolization. This reduction of size is usually temporary and may breed more fibroids.

Pain Medication

These medicines help manage the pain and discomfort of fibroids. They include medication like ibuprofen and acetaminophen.

Birth Control

Birth control helps control heavy bleeding, menstrual cramps, and spotting between periods. Suitable options are oral contraceptive pills, injections, IUDs and intravaginal contraception.

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (Gnrh) Agonists

This medication can be taken via a nasal spray or as an injection. They help to shrink a fibroid before surgery to enable easy removal. However, they can grow back after a while if you stop taking this medication.

Iron supplements

Women with anemia due to excessive bleeding may be given iron supplements.


Our entire team of fertility experts works collaboratively to come up with an effective treatment plan tailor-made for each patient.

Dr. Vasundhara Kamineni
Dr. Vasundhara Kamineni

Medical Director

Dr. Souren Bhattacharjee

Consultant - Reproductive Medicine

View Profile

Dr. Sarika Mudarapu

Consultant - Infertility Specialist

View Profile

Dr. R. Leela

Consultant - Infertility Specialist

View Profile

Mr. Aligeti Ganesh


View Profile

Dr. V. Hemalatha Reddy

Consultant - Infertility Specialist

View Profile

King Koti Branch

4-1-1226, Boggulakunta,
King Koti, Abids,
Hyderabad - 500001

Kokapet Branch

Kokapet , Essen Presidential,
Wing A, 3rd Floor, Near Global
Edge School - 500075

Privacy Policy

Copyright © Kamineni Fertility 2023.

Designed & Developed by mokshamedia

Book An Appointment
+91 93906 34074