Usually in women of reproductive age group, one egg is released from an ovary every month. In 25% of sub-fertile women, this does not occur due to various reasons, such as:
This condition occurs when the ovaries stop functioning before the woman is 40. Consequently, the ovaries don’t produce the expected amounts of estrogen nor release eggs regularly. This condition is called premature ovarian failure and is a cause of infertility.
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are leading causes of female infertility as they affect ovulation. Women suffering from either condition cannot release one egg every month during menstruation or not at all. This makes conception difficult.
PCOS is one of the most common endocrinal (hormone-related) disorders affecting women. It presents in wide variety of ways. Though usually the patients are obese with irregular periods and elevated serum insulin and androgen levels, they have a classical looking appearance on ultrasonography. They generally do not ovulate regularly hence they often find it difficult to conceive.
Excessive production of prolactin reduces estrogen production and disrupts regular ovulation. This results in infertility, which has a direct bearing on testosterone levels.
The No. 1 infertility symptom is the inability to conceive. This is caused by:
Usually, blood tests (hormones) and ultrasound scans are done to test for ovulation disorders.
Treatments for this condition help in improving monthly ovulation. Some treatments are:
Oral fertility medication helps stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs regularly. If this doesn’t work, injectable fertility medication is given under a doctor’s supervision.
Women who suffer from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism can use thyroxine (T4) to reach a healthy thyroid range. Oral medication is given under a doctor’s supervision.
Apart from taking medication, doctors suggest that patients make some lifestyle changes, such as:
To stimulate fertility, make these changes in your life:
Our entire team of fertility experts works collaboratively to come up with an effective treatment plan tailor-made for each patient.
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